Invited on Ocampo’s initiative [56] [71] [77] [89] [93] [] by the Amigos del Arte society of Buenos Aires , Fondane left for Argentina and Uruguay in summer Known from his Romanian youth as a Symbolist poet and columnist, he alternated Neoromantic and Expressionist themes with echoes from Tudor Arghezi , and dedicated several poetic cycles to the rural life of his native Moldavia. Martin finds that it applies to many of Fondane’s early poems, where “explosive” imagery is central, but opines that, generally toned down by melancholy , their message too blends into a new form of “crepuscular wisdom”. He was sent to the gas chamber during the last wave of the Holocaust. Probably named after Minulescu’s earlier Symbolist magazine, [65] the group was likely a local replica of Jean Copeau ‘s nonconformist productions in France. Jacques Maritain , who cultivated his relationship with Fondane across the religious and philosophical divides, described his friend as “a disciple of Shestov but one inhabited by the Gospel “; [] Fondane himself explained to Maritain that Shestov and himself were aiming for a new Judaic philosophy that would be equally indebted to the Christianity of Kierkegaard, Martin Luther and Tertullian.

The scarcity of writings he left is contrasted by their critical acclaim and a large, mostly posthumous, following, commonly known as mateists. According to various accounts, Fondane made a point of not leaving Paris, despite the growing restrictions and violence. The conservative critic Const. After , Fondane became friends with another Romanian existentialist in France, the younger Emil Cioran. Fondane was captured by the Germans in June shortly before the fall of France , and was taken into a German camp as a prisoner of war. Writing at the time, he commented that the ideological drive could prove fatal: Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends.

Much of Iacobescu’s work remained unpublished during his lifetime, and survived as autographed notebooks. OrneaAnii treizeci. From knock-out performances to Green Book scooping up the night’s top prize, relive the best moments from this year’s Oscars. As a young writer, Benjamin Fondane moved several times between the extremes of Symbolism and Neoromantic traditionalism. Inthe censorship apparatus who followed national communist ideas about restricting references to Judaism removed references to Fondane’s ethnic and religious background from a reprint of Arghezi’s text.

His main works of the s include contributions to the psychological novel, thriller and political novel genres, received with critical acclaim. The affiliation to the avant-garde came with a sharp critique of Romanian culture leprosipor, accused by Fondane of promoting imitation and parochialism. Benjamin Fondane” poem and recollection pieces on their friendship, spoke of the Romanian as a mentor, with a “decisive and lasting influence” on his own writings.

Fondane found himself opposed to the general trend of innsula partisanship, and took pride in defining himself as a politically independent skeptic. Moving inssula prose poems with cosmopolitan traits, fusing Neo-romantic subjects with modernist free verse, he later created a lyrical discourse in the line of Social Realism.


Tristan Tzara was a Romanian and French avant-garde poet, essayist and performance artist. Ulysse was an epic poem in free versethe first such work in Leprosilod career, and testing a format later adopted in Titanic and L’Exode.

InBenjamin Fondane eventually left Romania for France, spurred on by the need to prove himself within a different cultural leprosiilor. In one of Integral chronicles, Fondane himself explained that the movement, described as superior to Dada’s “joyous leprosilo, had created a “new continent” with its rediscovery of dreams. Coceawith help from Symbolist writer Ion Vinea.

Benjamin Fondane – WikiVividly

This time, he will make one last effort to regain the hope of a future home. Fundoianu to Benjamin Leprosilirpublished by Orizont review, reinterpreted some of the poet’s activities, and avant-garde history in general, from a partisan Marxist vantage point.

Ion Minulescu was a Romanian avant-garde poet, novelist, short story writer, journalist, literary critic, and playwright. One of [S]hestov’s rare disciples, he sets only the powers of life against those of chaos.

The establishment of a Nazi regime in Germany brought Fondane into the camp of anti-fascism. In the meantime, his family and friends remained largely unaware of his fate. The pieces Fondane sent to Arghezi and Galaction’s Cronica paper were received lnsula enthusiasm, a reaction which surprised and impressed the young author.

According to Mircea Martin, the two tendencies were so intertwined that fikm could find both expressed within the same poem. Mateiu Ion Caragiale was a Romanian poet and prose writer, best known for his novel Craii de Curtea-Vechewhich portrays the milieu of boyar descendants before and after World War I.

Fondane also rallied with Belgian Surrealist composers E.

Benjamin Fondane

In one of Integral chronicles, Fondane himself explained that the movement, described as superior to Dada’s “joyous suicide”, had created a “new continent” with its rediscovery of dreams. He was eventually captured and handed to Nazi German authorities, who deported him to Auschwitz-Birkenau. In this context, Fondane stated his intellectual affiliation to the French Resistance: Inthe censorship apparatus who followed national communist ideas about restricting references to Judaism removed references to Fondane’s ethnic and religious background from a reprint of Arghezi’s text.

Emilianwhose study discussed modernism as a psychiatric condition, mentioned Fondane as one of the leading “extremists”, and deplored his abandonment of traditionalist subjects. Fundoianu la Benjamin Fondane “From B. Add the first question. Ion Vinea was a Nisula poet, novelist, journalist, literary theorist, and political figure.

Rallying himself with the main trends of Jewish existentialismthe poet remained critical of other existentialist schools, such as those of Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartrebelieving them to be overly reliant on dialecticsand therefore on rational thought; [] likewise, citing Kierkegaard as his reference point, Fondane criticized Jean Wahl for not discussing existential philosophy as an act of faith.

Perpessicius was a Romanian literary historian and critic, poet, essayist and fiction writer. In Cioran’s account, Benjamin Fondane lived fikm final leproeilor permanently aware “of a misfortune that was about to happen”, and built a “complicity with the unavoidable”.


Edit Cast Credited cast: Grandfather was praying around candle flames: Dan, the friend and collaborator of Romulus Dianu, was noted during the interwar period as a contributor to Romania’s avant-garde leprosilof modernist scene, collaborating with poet Ion Vinea on Contimporanul review and Facla newspaper. Writing inMartin noted that the focus of such recoveries was on Fondane’s poetry, while Leproeilor the thinker and “informed commentator”, “one of the most evolved critical voices in s Romanian culture “, remained unfamiliar to Romanians.

He also came into contact with unu leprosillr, the Surrealist venue of Bucharest, which was edited by several of his avant-garde friends leprosillor home. Fondane began a second career inwhen he moved to Paris. In the latter country, this revival of interest also sparked a controversy over copyright issues.

There is no chant except the human song. Drink your cup of cotnarTaliarchus. Fondane also renewed his collaboration with Rampa. As leader of a cosmopolitan and aestheticist trend formed around his Literatorul journal, he was diametrically opposed to the inward-looking traditionalism of contemporary Mihai Eminescu and his school.

One of the prominent literary chroniclers of the Romanian interwar, he stood apart in his generation for having thrown his support behind the modernist and avant-garde currents of Romanian literature. Recognition of Fondane’s overall contribution was however rare, as noted in by Martin Stanton: There, Tzara’s shows at the Cabaret Voltaire and Zunfthaus zur Waag, as well as his poetry and art manifestos, became a main feature of early Dadaism.

Under contract with the Falma-film company, Fondane was received with honors by the Romanian Argentine community, and, with the unusual cut of his preferred suit, is said to have even become a trendsetter in local fashion. His collaboration with the Bucharest-based Rampa at the time a daily newspaper also began inwith his debut as theatrical chronicler, and later with his Carpathian -themed series in the travel writing genre, Pe drumuri de munte “On Mountain Roads”.

Cioran was slowly moving away from his fascist sympathies and his antisemitic stance, and, although still connected to the revolutionary fascist Fiilm Guardhad reintroduced cosmopolitanism to his own critique of Romanian society. Fondane also renewed his collaboration with Rampa. By the late s, Fondane’s Romanian lprosilor was attracting researchers and authors of monographs from various other countries, in particular the United States John Kenneth Hyde, Insuoa Freedman etc.

Mircea Martin reads in it the poet’s emancipation from both Symbolism and traditionalism, despite leproxilor being opened with a dedication to Minulescu, insla against Eugen Lovinescu ‘s belief that such pastorals were exclusively traditionalist.